Sandown School

Phonics - how we begin!


We hold an annual session for parents in October regarding the teaching of phonics so that parents can help their child in a consistent fashion with our school approach. There are numerous video tutorials available online which go through the sounds and blending and segmenting. We recommend Teach Your Monster to Read or Mr Thorne does phonics for clarity.

Letters and Sounds is the government programme for teaching phonics and high frequency words.

There are six phases of phonics that are taught:

Phase 1 Environmental sounds, rhythm and rhyme.

Phase 2 19 graphemes- oral blending and segmenting. Blending and segmenting with letters.

Phase 3 25 graphemes apply the skills of blending to reading and segmentation for spelling.

Phase 4 Consolidation of 2 and 3 teach blending and segmenting of adjacent consonants and polysyllabic words. (more than one syllable everyone, football, helpdesk)

Phase 5 Teach alternative pronunciations for known graphemes, new graphemes and their alternative pronunciations. Selecting appropriate grapheme, word specific knowledge of spellings, spelling rules.

Phase 6 Homophones (key/quay, flower/flour), prefixes, suffixes, irregular past, (began, thought, drank) spelling rules.

Each phase has a list of tricky words (not decodable)

From Years 2-6, children follow the Read, Write, Inc. Spelling programme to enable them to apply spelling into their independent writing.


Please click here for a parent guide.